daps

daps

daps, dapis, f. (vgl. δάπτω, δαπάνη, δαψιλής, ahd. zebar, Opfertier, nhd. Ungeziefer, eigentl. »unreines, nicht zum Opfern geeignetes Tier«), die Speise als Mahl, der Schmaus, a) als t. t. der Religionsspr., der Festschmaus zu religiösem Zwecke, der Opferschmaus, α) Sing.: dapem pro bubus piro florente facito, Cato: sacrum Herculi adhibitis ad ministerium dapemque Potitiis ac Pinariis factum, Liv.: ergo obligatam redde lovi dapem, Hor. – β) Plur.: Saliaribus (prächtigen) ornare pulvinar deorum dapibus, Hor.: dapes et tristia dona libare cineri (Hectoris), Verg. – b) übtr., übh. die Speise als Gegenstand des Schmauses, der Schmaus, das Mahl, α) Sing.: amor dapis, Hor.: ad usum nefariae dapis, Val. Max.: humanā dape (mit Menschenfleisch) pascere equas, Ov.: v. tierischer Nahrung, sed tacitus pasci si posset corvus, haberet plus dapis et rixae multo minus invidiaeque, Hor. ep. 1, 17, 50 sq. – β) Plur.: dapes inemptae (ein ungekauftes = selbsterzeugtes), Hor.: dapes largae, Val. Max.: dapes opimae, Verg.: exstructae dapibus mensae, Ov.: onerare mensas dapibus, Verg.: dapibus epulari opimis, Verg.: humanorum corporum dapibus uti (Menschenfleisch essen), Val. Max.: ictae (fulmine) dapes mensaque disiecta est, Tac. – v. einem ärmlichen Mahle, veniam dapibus orant, Ov. met. 6, 684. – meton., dapes humanae, Menschenkot, Plin. 17, 51. – / Nbf. dapis, is, f., Iuvenc. beim Auct. de gener. nomin. p. 78, 3 ed. Haupt. – Nom. daps ist veraltet (s. Paul. ex Fest. 68, 3); Dat. Sing. dapi steht Cato r. r. 132, 1; aber Genet. Plur. dapum ohne Beleg im Frgm. Bob. de nom. 562, 10.


http://www.zeno.org/Georges-1913. 1806–1895.

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